What Are The Different Levels Of Dental Sedation?

What Are The Different Levels Of Dental Sedation?

Dental sedation is a procedure where dentists use medication to help a patient relax while having their dental procedure. Sedation allows patients to get their dental treatment and care without worry or anxiety. There are four levels of sedation available depending on a person's anxiety level Sedation allows patients to get their dental treatment and care without worry or anxiety. There are four levels of sedation available depending on a person's anxiety level and physical condition.

The four levels include:

1. Minimal Sedation or "anxiolysis" (anxiety relief).

The patient is awake but in a very relax state. The person normally responds to verbal commands. This is the lightest form of sedation, and is usually administered to people with a low level of anxiety. Generally, dentists can administer minimal sedation without requiring training or a special permit, as long as it is within the prescribed dosage. Minimal sedation is administered either by oral or by use of nitrous oxide (laughing gas).

2. Moderate sedation or conscious sedation.

The person is awake but in a state of haziness. Speech is slurred and the patient is usually unconscious about their surroundings. Moderate sedation is generally administered to people with a high level of anxiety. The dentist should have additional training, and a special license from local dental authorities to administer moderate sedation. Moderate sedation is administered orally, by use of nitrous oxide or by intravenous method.

3. Deep Sedation.

The patient is between wakefulness and an unconscious state. It is usually administered to patients with high level of anxiety bordering on phobia, or patients who need to undergo oral surgery, or some other intense dental procedure. Only an anesthesiologist or a trained oral surgeon may administer deep sedation. The most common method of deep sedation is by inserting a needle to the vein on the hand, often known as the intravenous method (IV method).

4. General Anesthesia.

The deepest level of sedation where patients are unconscious. Patients under general anesthesia do not respond to any kind of stimulation, and require assistance breathing. General anesthesia is administered to patients who are dental phobic, or those who require invasive procedures such as maxillofacial surgery. Only a general anesthesiologist, dental anesthesiologist or oral surgeon may administer general anesthesia. Due to the high level of risk, general anesthesia is usually done in hospitals. There is always a level of risk in taking sedative medication. The most important thing to remember is to ensure your dentist have the training and qualifications to administer the type of sedation you require.

How To Find The Right Cosmetic Dentist

How To Find The Right Cosmetic Dentist

Remember that not all dentists are the same. It is often better to wait for the right dentist and be sure about the outcome, than rush everything and be sorry for the rest of your life. Family and general dentists do not usually have the required training in cosmetic dentistry. Also, not every cosmetic dentist you see can perform all cosmetic dentistry procedures. While some may be adept in doing dental bridges and dental implants, they may not have enough experience in teeth whitening and dental bonding. Thus, you would want to find a dentist who has the experience, skills, and training for the specific treatment you want done on you. You can directly call the dentist's clinic for this. You can also call your state licensing board to get more information about a particular cosmetic dentist.

Once you have some names of prospective cosmetic dentists, set up an initial appointment with them, preferably in their own clinic. This way, you can have a feel of the ambience, and observe how the dentist works. Ask how they intend to perform the procedure on you. Everything should be clearly explained to you.

If possible, ask for before and after pictures of their past patients, especially those who underwent the same treatment you are getting. A competent cosmetic dentist would even encourage you to talk to some of his previous patients. That shows how confident he is about the quality of his work.

Finding the right cosmetic dentist to work with may not necessarily be a walk in the park. However, if you know what to look for, things will be much easier.

Recovering After Oral Surgery

Recovering After Oral Surgery

After undergoing surgery, your principal concern should be your healing. If you do not take precautionary measures, you run the risk of infecting or causing trauma to the surgical area. Your dentist or surgeon will provide you with post-operative instructions. Make sure to follow them to the Make sure to follow them to the letter.

There are certain guidelines that you should bear in mind to hasten recovery, and ensure optimal healing.

- Bleeding after Surgery

After a tooth is extracted, expect some slight bleeding to occur for even as long as 24 hours after the extraction. Your dentist will use gauze to absorb the blood. Bite down firmly on the gauze for an hour to stem the bleeding. If you feel that the gauze is stuck to the tissue, you can take a small sip of water. This will help moisten the gauze and separate it from the tissue.

If the bleeding continues even after a full day, get in touch with your dentist. He may recommend that you use a moist bag of black tea to bite on. Studies show that tannic acid in tea helps the blood to clot and reduces bleeding.

- Inflammation

After surgery, expect some swelling in the area. This is normal. Make sure that your head remains elevated. Immediately after surgery, you may use an ice pack on your cheek for relief. Expect the swelling to disappear after 7 or 10 days.

The muscles of the face may also feel stiff after surgery. This is also normal. The stiffness usually disappears after 10 days or so.

If surgery involves the lower wisdom teeth, you may notice slight bruising. If the inflammation persists long after the prescribed period, you may want to consult your dentist.

Your doctor will recommend that you rest for a couple of days after the surgery. It is advisable to stay away from strenuous physical activity for about three days post-surgery. Generally, you can go back to your daily routine within 48 hours after the surgical procedure.

- Oral Hygiene

Do not rinse your mouth vigorously for about 24 hours after the surgery. You can rinse your mouth lightly with water. Do not use commercial mouthwash just yet. When you rinse, do not spit out the water. Allow it to flow out on its own.

You can use a saline solution for rinsing after about 24 hours. To make the solution, use the proportion of 1 tablespoon salt to 1 cup warm water. Simply dissolve the salt in the water. The salt water solution promotes healing. It also helps keep the area germ-free. Just rinse. Do not swallow. Rinse as you see fit during the day.

You can also brush your teeth gently. If food particles get lodged in the hole or tooth socket, do not use force to remove it. Just rinse lightly until the particle is dislodged.

- Smoking

Refrain from smoking for 24 hours after the surgical procedure. Smoking tends to delay healing. It may also cause dry socket â an infection which tends to be painful. Do not chew tobacco or use smokeless tobacco. Bits of tobacco may lodge in the tooth socket, and cause great discomfort and pain.

What Are Some Common Dental Restorations?

What Are Some Common Dental Restorations?

Dental Implants - The procedure involves titanium screws or posts inserted into your jawbone. This will allow permanent installation of a restorative tooth. Implants last for a long time; in some cases, the patient's lifetime. Nothing will look and feel as natural.

Dentures - Full or partial dentures are removable dental appliances that help fill the oral gaps from lost teeth. Dentures are affordable, and help stabilize and keep the oral tissues in place after the loss of the original teeth.

Full Mouth Restoration - The restorative dentistry procedure calls for an entire revamp of the patient's oral state. This may include one or more of these procedures: bridges, crowns, implants, and fillings. Full mouth restoration is usually performed on patients who have had massive tooth decay or tooth loss, and those who have figured in traumatic dental injuries that badly damaged their teeth.

Inlays & Onlays - Similar to dental fillings, inlays are used to fill up depressions and cavities in a tooth. Onlays, on the other hand, are used to remedy problems on the tooth surface. Both are made from custom porcelain materials, and bonded to the tooth of the patient.

Tooth-Colored Fillings - Instead of the traditional and bland metal fillings, tooth colored counterparts are now available for a more aesthetic appearance. The colored fillings can be made to match the color of your natural teeth, while offering the reinforcement and strength they need.

Top 5 Body Wraps for Cellulite Removal

Top 5 Body Wraps for Cellulite Removal


Using coffee grounds is still pretty much the best way to go when it comes to body wraps. In fact, many of the spa-quality body wraps contain caffeine which is a well-known diuretic and stimulant. This increases the metabolism of the body which helps mobilize fats This increases the metabolism of the body which helps mobilize fats from their storage depots particularly from the skin. The diuretic properties of caffeine can also help in the elimination of toxins from the body which has been long-believed to be one of the leading causes of cellulite. Seaweeds 

Most of us associate the use of seaweeds as a body rub and not necessarily as a body wrap. However, when combined with juniper or even fennel essential oils, it can have a significant impact in reducing the appearance of cellulite. Take note that these body wraps cannot and will not remove cellulite; these will only make the skin around it look firmer so that the dimpling and bulging are less visible. Apple Cider Vinegar 

Known for its ability to gently exfoliate the skin, apple cider vinegar can help make the skin look fairer and smoother. This lends the skin a much more even tone leaving less visible cellulite marks in the process. Apple cider vinegar works best when combined with essential oils that are known to have anti-cellulite properties such as rosemary and juniper oils; although it is entirely possible to use other oils. Epsom Salt 

Epsom salts work just like apple cider vinegar in that these exfoliate the skin. It removes dead skin cells which, in turn, facilitate the regeneration of new ones. This helps relieve the tension underneath the dermis and promotes the production of collagen. This effectively makes the skin above it look more firm and, as such, the appearance of cellulite is also diminished. Cayenne Powder

If you can take the heat, then using cayenne powder in your body wrap can be one of the best solutions to minimize the dimpling look of cellulite. This substance can effectively burn fat while facilitating lymphatic drainage. The more you sweat the more toxins that are flushed out of your skin.

It is important to understand that body wraps don’t get rid of cellulite. They only offer a way in which your cellulite doesn’t look any worse.

Risks and Causes of Ear Infection

Risks and Causes of Ear Infection


Ear infections come about when the middle ear has a viral or bacterial infection. These infections can be quite painful. This is because they are accompanied by inflammation and there is fluid that builds up. These infections can be acute or chronic. Acute infections are painful but don’t last long. Chronic infections never go away and keep on recurring. They are the type of infections that cause permanent ear damage.

What Causes an Ear Infection?

Ear infections occur when one of your Eustachian tubes becomes swollen or blocked and fluid builds up in your middle ear. Eustachian tubes are small tubes that run from each ear directly to the back of the throat. The causes of Eustachian tube blockage include:

Allergies Colds Sinus infections Excess mucus Tobacco smoking

Infected or swollen adenoids (tissue near your tonsils that trap harmful bacteria and viruses) Sourced from:http://www.healthline.com/health/ear-infections#Overview1

Ear infections are mostly common in children. There are certain risk factors that make them prone to these infections. It could be the genes, bottle feeding or pacifiers. The environment they live in also plays a role. Secondhand tobacco smoke is lethal.

Heredity: This explains about 60-70% of the ear infection risk. A history of ear infections in a parent or sibling means there’s a high likelihood of similar problems in other children in the family. Your family may have a structure similarly that makes it more difficult to get ear infections. Boys also tend to get more infections than girls. Being of Native American or Eskimo descent is also risk factor.

Bottle-feeding: Those who drink while lying down or who fall asleep with their bottles are also at risk, since milk can drain through the Eustachian tube and into the middle ear, where it can become a perfect medium for bacteria. You can reduce the chance of infection by holding your baby upright when you feed him. Keep him upright for at least 30 minutes after a feeding to allow the stomach contents to empty.

Environmental Factors: Children who breathe secondhand tobacco smoke are more likely to have ear infections. Smoke irritates the Eustachian tube and paralyzes the hair-like filaments called cilia that line the breathing passages and sweep away germs. When cilia aren’t working, bacteria, viruses and secretions become trapped throughout the breathing passages. Children who regularly play indoors with others, either in daycare or preschool, are also more susceptible to ear infections since they are exposed to more colds and viruses. Sourced from:http://www.parenting.com/health-guide/ear-infections/risk-factors

The symptoms of ear infection vary in adults and children. For instance children will have difficulties in sleeping and fever. Adults will have ear pain and fluid coming out of their ears.

Signs and symptoms common in children include:

Ear pain, especially when lying down Tugging or pulling at an ear Difficulty sleeping Crying more than usual Acting more irritable than usual Difficulty hearing or responding to sounds Loss of balance Fever of 100 F (38 C) or higher Drainage of fluid from the ear Headache Adults Common signs and symptoms in adults include: Ear pain Drainage of fluid from the ear Diminished hearing Sourced from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ear-infections/symptoms-causes/dxc-20199484